Questions Bank 2021


 Q 6  A) Read  the  following  passage  and  answer  the  question  given  below:

 Different  types  of  human  settlements  include  padas,  villages,  small  towns,  big  cities,  all remote  places,  towns  and  groups  of  towns.  In  some  systems,  human  settlements  are divided  into  urban,  suburban  and  rural.for  example,  The  United  States  Census  Bureau, classifies  settlements  in  urban  or  rural  areas  based  on  a  defined  definition.  In  small settlements,  such  as  padas  and  villages,  access  to  low  population  and  services  is  limited. Larger  settlements,  such  as  cities,  have  higher  populations,  higher  densities,  and  greater access  to  services.  For  example,  a  village  may  have  only  one  or  two  general  stores,  while  a large  metropolis  may  have  many  specialized  stores.  These  differences  are  known  as  loworder  service  settlement  and  high-order  service  settlement.  The  functions  of  human habitation  are  also  different.  Because  settlements  can  be  established  as  ports,  markets  and resorts.  Types  of  rural  settlements  can  also  be  classified  by  activities  such  as  agriculture, fishing  and  mining.  Settlements  that  focus  on  one  economic  activity  are  called  single functional  settlements. Human  habitation can  be  permanent  or  temporary.  For  example,  a  refugee  camp is a temporary  settlement,  while a  city  is  a permanent  settlement. 

1.  Which  human  settlements  are  mentioned  in the  given  passage?. 

2.  Urban  and  rural  areas  are  classified  on  the  basis  of  what.? 

3.  What  works  are  done  in rural  areas.? 4.  Explain the  difference  between low  order  service and  high order  service settlement 


1)Hamlets, villages, small towns, In The towns, isolated places, cities, and conurbations are the types of settlements mentioned in the Passage. 

2)The settlement is classified on the basis of the size of the population, density, access to higher-order and lower-order services, the site chosen, functions, permanent or temporary, etc. 

3) Functions carried out in rural settlements are farming, fishing, mining, one or two general stores, etc. 

4)iv. The hamlets and villages have a low population and restricted access to lower-order services. For example, a village may have only one or two general stores. They are called low order settlements, 

– Large metropolitan cities have a higher population, higher density, and greater services of higherorder 

– For example, large metropolitans may have chain stores, malls, departmental stores, supermarkets, etc. They are called higher-order settlements. 

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