Q 6 A) Read the following passage and answer the question given below:
Different types of human settlements include padas, villages, small towns, big cities, all remote places, towns and groups of towns. In some systems, human settlements are divided into urban, suburban and rural.for example, The United States Census Bureau, classifies settlements in urban or rural areas based on a defined definition. In small settlements, such as padas and villages, access to low population and services is limited. Larger settlements, such as cities, have higher populations, higher densities, and greater access to services. For example, a village may have only one or two general stores, while a large metropolis may have many specialized stores. These differences are known as loworder service settlement and high-order service settlement. The functions of human habitation are also different. Because settlements can be established as ports, markets and resorts. Types of rural settlements can also be classified by activities such as agriculture, fishing and mining. Settlements that focus on one economic activity are called single functional settlements. Human habitation can be permanent or temporary. For example, a refugee camp is a temporary settlement, while a city is a permanent settlement.
1. Which human settlements are mentioned in the given passage?.
2. Urban and rural areas are classified on the basis of what.?
3. What works are done in rural areas.? 4. Explain the difference between low order service and high order service settlement
1)Hamlets, villages, small towns, In The towns, isolated places, cities, and conurbations are the types of settlements mentioned in the Passage.
2)The settlement is classified on the basis of the size of the population, density, access to higher-order and lower-order services, the site chosen, functions, permanent or temporary, etc.
3) Functions carried out in rural settlements are farming, fishing, mining, one or two general stores, etc.
4)iv. The hamlets and villages have a low population and restricted access to lower-order services. For example, a village may have only one or two general stores. They are called low order settlements,
– Large metropolitan cities have a higher population, higher density, and greater services of higherorder
– For example, large metropolitans may have chain stores, malls, departmental stores, supermarkets, etc. They are called higher-order settlements.