4.4 The Sign of Four
Q. 5 D Answer in about 50 words to the questions given below. (4 marks)
1. The reception of six pearls helps the story to move forward by providing some
connection with the other happenings. Illustrate.
Ans : The reception of six pearls gives a breakthrough to the story ‘The Sign of Four’. Mary Morston, the major character in the story has received six pearls from an unknown person one per year. With the last pearl there was a note for meeting. She approached the detective Holmes to get help. Holmes and his friend Dr. Watson agreed to accompany her to an the unknown person. The story moves forward to and unfolds the secret of pearls received by her.
2. Describe the desired destination of the parties in your words by providing some details.
3. Write the character sketch of Sherlock Holmes as a professional detective.
Ans: Sherlock Holmes is a major character in the story. He is a professional detective. In the novel ‘Sign Of Four’ Mary Mortsan gives her case to Holmes to solve. He has a business tone and extraordinary concentration dealing with his client. He is very peculiar in dealing with the case. He derives some conclusion from handwriting. He goes to the root of the case and comes with a solution. He is a kind and brilliant detective.
4. Compare the thought process of Holmes and Dr. Watson in handling the case.
Ans: Holmes is of the opinion that the judgment should not be biased by personal qualities. He observes the handwriting in the note and draws conclusion that the writer is a man of self esteem and character. For Holmes there is no mystery in the case. To Watson the handwriting seems legible and regular.
5. Narrate the case of Miss Morstan in your words.
Ans: Mary Morstan’s father disappeared on 3rd of December, 1878 from a hotel. She was about to meet him at the hotel. She complained about the missing of her father at the police station. She advertised about it. She met her father’s friend Major Sholto. But he was not found. Then in 1882 she found an advertisement for her address. She responded to the advertisement and she received a pearl. Since then she received such pearls for six years. With the last pearls she had a letter with a message – She was wronged and should have justice.
6. Sherlock Holmes deduced facts from the back files of the times. Justify by providing
Ans: Sherlock Holmes found after consulting the back files of the Times that Major Sholto died upon the 28th of April 1882. Within a week of his death, Mary Morstan receives a valuable present repeatedly. In a letter with a last pearl she is described as wronged woman. Sherlock Holmes deduced that it was about her father. Sholto’s hair knows something about the mystery about Mary’s father’s disappearance.
7. ‘You are a wronged woman, and shall have justice’. Interpret the statement to highlight the conflict in Miss Morstan’s mind.
Ans: Mary Morstan receives a precious pearl every year since 1882. In the sixth year with a pearl there was a letter which reads ‘You are a wronged woman, and shall have justice’. Her father major Morstan who was an officer in an Indian regiment. He reached London but disappeared before meeting his daughter. His friend Sholto and Major Morstan had looted treasure. But Sholto cheated Morstan. Sholto told this to his sons. They wanted to compensate and so they arranged Meeting with Mary Morstan by writing the letter.
8. Dr. Watson reflects Miss Morstan’s state of mind. Discuss with some examples.
Ans: Dr Watson was nervous and depressed as he was accompanying Mary Morstan and Holmes. He sensed that Mary Morstan also was suffering from the same feeling.
9. Holmes had a competence about the route of their travel. Suggest some points to clarify the statement.
Ans: Sherlock Holmes had a competence about the route of their travel in London. On the journey he muttered the names of places such as Rochester Row, Vincent Squae Vauxhall Bridge Road, Wordsworth Road Stockwll Place Robert Street .
10. The mention of new places adds a pace to the story. Justify.
11. Mary Morstan found Holmes as right person to handle her case. Give reason
Ans: Sherlock Holmes had unraveled Mrs Cecil Forrester domestic complication. She was impressed with his kindness and skills. She recommended her employee Mary Morstan to hand over her case to Holmes. With his skills he solved her case too.
12. Write the character sketch of Dr. Watson as a sensitive character.
Ans: Dr Watson is a narrator of the novel ‘Sign of Four’. He appears as a friend of Sherlock Holmes. He helps Holmes in his profession of detective. He is a very sensitive. He is ready to help even the clients of Holmes. He is attracted to Mary Morstan in the very first meeting.
13. The paper found in the desk of captain Morstan is the center of the action. Explain.
14. “I may be very obtuse, Holmes, but I fail to see what this suggests.” Justify the statement by highlighting the difference in deducing the case.
15. Find support from the text which elaborates the tone of the narrator when he compares himself with Miss Morstan.
16. The narrator makes Miss Morstan’s journey comfortable while going to an unknown place. Narrate in your words.
17. ‘The coachman is described as a faithful servant’. Justify the statement in your words.
18. Holmes, Dr. Watson and Mary Morstan reached at the third pillar of the Lyceum Theatre. Describe the state of mind of the trio.